HEALTH & SAFETY LEGISLATION IMPACTING EVENTS

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SASREA – Safety at Sports & Recreational Events Act 2 of 2010

This act enforces full compliance with 82 other SA Acts and SA National Standards, ‘ SANS 10366 Health & Safety at Events’

SANS 10366: 2012

3.5 COMPETENT PERSON – …. has the knowledge, experience and qualification, specific to the work being performed
4.2.2. COMPETENCE – … organiser shall obtain written proof that all working on site have the necessary training, experience, expertise and comply with other requirements …
4.5.5. CONTRACTORS & SUB-CONTRACTORS – list of requirements before they are appointed

14.2 Choosing the supplier

14.2.1 The event organizer shall choose a competent supplier for all temporary demountable
structures to be erected and used on-site. Competent suppliers shall be able to demonstrate at
least the following:
a) a knowledge and understanding of the work involved;
b) the ability to manage/eliminate the risks involved in constructing temporary demountable
structures; and
c) employment of a suitably trained workforce.

14.2.2 It is important to note that the design of temporary demountable structures is outside
mainstream civil and structural engineering. Therefore, the design of temporary structures shall only
be carried out by suitably competent people. A competent designer shall demonstrate
a) full understanding of applicable codes and standards,
b) full understanding of the loads that the temporary demountable structures might be subjected to,
c) full understanding of the properties of the materials normally used for these structures,
d) knowledge of the skills of the people normally employed to erect these structures, and
e) full understanding of the proprietary structural elements used in these structures.

14.3 Design

14.3.1 All temporary structures shall possess adequate strength and stability, in service and during construction.

14.3.2 The design of a temporary structure shall provide protection against falls for
a) performers – handrails shall be supplied at an appropriate height for all stage areas, platforms
and access ways,
b) workers, and
c) the attendees.
In addition, the surfaces of ramps or treads, particularly those that could become wet, shall be
covered with a slip-resistant material.

14.4 Assembly and erection

To prevent the incorrect erection and subsequent use of temporary structures, attention shall be
paid to the following:
a) The assembly of temporary structures shall be carried out in accordance with calculations, plans
and specifications drawn up by a competent designer.
b) Apparent similarities between proprietary systems used for temporary structures might only be
cosmetic. Products from different manufacturers shall not be mixed except where means to deal
with potential hazards have been catered for.
c) Erection shall take place in a way that ensures stability at all times.
d) When practicable, temporary structures shall be erected either from the ground or from a stable
platform.
e) Many temporary demountable structures cannot be built except by climbing the framework as it is
assembled; this shall be addressed in the risk assessment and safety method statement.
f) Equipment shall be checked to ensure that it is fit for its purpose and fully complies with the
relevant standards. For example, steel items with cracked welds, bent or buckled members, or
with large amounts of corrosion shall be rejected.
g) All components shall be examined during assembly (and dismantling) for signs of wear,
deformation or other damage, and replaced, where necessary.
h) Correct alignment of components is important – they shall not be bent, distorted or otherwise
altered in order to fit. Particular attention shall be given to fastenings and connections. It is
essential to provide suitable covering for bolts and fittings that project into or adjoin audience
areas.
i) Adequate and safe earthing of any structure.

4.5 Duties of employers & contractors

All temporary staff and volunteers working on an event, must receive training on the work they have been engaged to perform, plus on health & safety.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY ACT

Sub-contracting – where a contractor appoints another contractor to perform construction work, the duties …. that apply to the principal contractor apply to the (sub-contractor) as if they were the principal contractor.
Temporary works – a contractor must appoint a temporary works designer in writing, to design, inspect and approve the erected temporary works on site before use.
‘Competent person’ means a person who has in respect of the work or task to be performed the required knowledge, training and experience and, where applicable, qualifications, specific to that work or task: provided that where appropriate qualifications and training are registered in terms of the NQF Act, those qualifications and training must be regarded as the required qualifications and training.
In terms of the OHS Act, it is the employer’s legal responsibility to train staff on workplace safety.

PUBLIC LIABILITY INSURANCE ACT

All businesses are bound by a ‘duty of care’ to their clients, with damages due where negligence can be shown. Taking staff ‘off the street’ and failing to train and qualify temporary or permanent staff, could amount to negligence.